FRIEDRICH HEGEL AND GOD
"Absolute knowledge... must not remain in its immediacy as an inner feeling
or as a vague faith in an indefinite abstract being-in general, but must
proceed to comprehend the Absolute in the mythical term "God." To know God
is not above comprehension, but is above reason which is the
knowledge of things finite and relative."
(Hegel, 1895, 277)
the absolute spirit: In its non-mythical truth, it is the pure dialectical
essence of all Being which objectifies itself in its own otherness, by means
of which it returns eternally to itself; it maintains its identity in and
through its non-absolute and finite manifestations."
holy is that absolute whole which has nothing alien outside of
itself; which has no "temptation." He is absolute power insofar as He
actualizes its concrete wholeness in all individuations."
alienation from God . The human individual abuses his freedom in declaring
his independence from the whole and in striving and clinging to his finite
exclusiveness as if he were absolute in and for himself. But this very
freedom to sin, is and remains nevertheless a divine gift. Even in evil, the
divine and human nature are not totally alienated. This truth assumes man of
divine grace. He may grasp it whereby the reconciliation of God with
the world comes to pass and the alienation of man from God is cancelled. To
"serve God" means that the individual strives to effect this unity with God,
not only by concentrating his thoughts and feelings on him in order to
receive the assurance of being affirmed in the divine will, but also by
proving in its actual life with other individuals that his will and
intention is in conformity with the divine will." (Ibid, 278)
Hegel, G. W. F. Lectures on the
Philosophy of Religion, Vol. I. Kegan, Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co.